“The pen is mightier than the sword.”
Honestly and personally, I believed that that saying is true in all sense and was very effective in igniting intellectual revolution and shaping human civilization even up to this day.
Even with the development of the internet and social media wherein people are being guided by icons and virtual reality and brainwashing ads, sometimes, one written article still had the most impact of all. This is the reason why that even until now, revolutionary and literary writers are still existent and are still very influential. These people serve as the consultants of politicians, idealists, and revolutionaries, enabling leaders to muster up their hordes of believers. Once these writers release a literary masterpiece to the world, its metaphors and direct messages greatly influence how people think of something very relevant to their times.
More powerful than their predecessors, 20th century literary geniuses were highly regarded as some of the few people that drove change in global thought process. Up until now, scholars and universities use their famous works as main reference to academic programs and worthwhile discussions. These famous writers marked the world with their poems, novels, and screenplays that the moment the world was introduced to their works, a collective and massive change happens.
I may be missing a lot by not grabbing my chances in checking out some of their works but I know you guys may be as much interested as I am yet has all the time and means. With that being said, let me be your guide instead and let me offer you guys a short list of the best of the best. These people are easy to find and their lives are very interesting to know. Hope you enjoy this.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
A Colombian novelist, screenwriter, journalist and short story writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez, also known as Gabo or Gabito, is regarded as one of the most momentous writers of the 20th century. Aside from that, he was also considered as one of the finest in line with Spanish language. In year 1972, he was awarded with the Neustadt International Prize for Literature and a decade after, he garnered the Nobel Prize in Literature award.
Though Garcia Marquez is a master writer, he is most celebrated for his novels such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985).
On the other hand, he is widely acknowledged for his fondness on Magical Realism, a genre that merges conventional storytelling structures with dramatic and layered fantasy. One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), an incredible work inspired by his home country Colombia and the war that took place which he had experienced firsthand, is the first book that he wrote with the touch of Magical Realism.
Another influential writer of the 20th century is Franz Kafka, a German language novelist and short story writer. His work is a blend of realism and vague presentation of ostensibly bizarre forces.
Franz Kafka, being the regarded as one the of most original writers of the 20th century left a writing brand in the world that contemporary works are sometimes quoted by it. When a literary piece captures the eye of the most distinguished critics, and these critics see and feel that the theme of the piece is rather probing the dark side of the human condition, they call such work as “Kafkaesque.” How much contribution does one really need to do in order for their name to become the very adjective of a distinct writing style? Just try to learn the life of Kafka and you’ll probably get an idea. Two of his most famous literary works, The Trial and The Metamorphosis, all had the taste of ambiguity in its stories where the source of the thrill are never ever revealed.
As accomplished as he was, unfortunately enough, his death was rather one of the worst ways to go. He died of unimaginable starvation due to the tuberculosis wherein the pain hindered him to savor a meal. How tragic it really was.
William Cuthbert Faulkner
One of the most prominent novelists to ever come out of the southern part of United States is William Faulkner, an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate. His work was comprised of novels, play, short stories, poetry, screenplays, and essays.
William Faulkner is one of the most eminent authors in Southern literature specifically and American literature generally.
Moreover, he released four novels amid 1929 and 1936 – The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, Light in August, and Absalom, Absalom!. These four novels perfectly defined Faulkner’s stream-of-consciousness approach and his explorations of right and wrong. Faulkner’s immense influence spreads to authors from the South and across the state.
Another influential writer of all time is Mary Wollstonecraft. She is a philosopher, English writer and advocate of women’s rights. Even though her career is epigrammatic, she was able to write children’s book, conduct book. Treatises, travel narrative, French Revolution history and specially novels.
One of Mary Wollstonecraft’s famous work is the “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” that was released in 1792. In this piece, Wollstonecraft explained that women that their time appeared to be always inferior to men all because the women didn’t have the freedom to education. She further expounded in that work that men and women should be treated as equal rational beings and dreamt of a society with social order based on reason.
William Butler Yeats
William Yeats, an Irish poet who 1st received a Nobel Prize for Literature for his country, paved way for Irish literature to be introduced to the world. His work ushered the 20th century movement which was famously called as “The Irish Literary Revival.” His writing styles was an inspiration and an influence to younger writers as they enjoy Yeats’ use of smart symbolism.
José Julián Martí Pérez was a Cuban hero who made a great impact and regarded as an important figure in Latin American literature. He worked as a poet, journalist, essayist, translator, revolutionary philosopher, publisher, professor, freemason and political theorist.
With his writings and political work, Marti is frequently labeled as the Apostle of Cuban Independence. In the 19th century, he became an icon for Cuba’s proposition for independence against Spain. Likewise, his writings advocated Cuban independence from all foreign monarchs.